We’ve all heard about the Egyptian Pyramids and about what they mean. We also know how rich and powerful Ancient Egypt used to be, and this is a great part of our current history. Ancient Egyptians were amazing mathematicians, astronomers, and architects, and so they stood apart from many other civilizations of those times. On top of everything, they battled a lot of peoples for territorial dominance, and for a good amount of time, they were the great rulers of the Nile.
As it is today, Egypt is a potentially dangerous travel destination in spite of its exotic atmosphere and outstanding history, which means that fewer and fewer people travel to this country every year. In this article, we will look at several interesting Egyptian facts, some of which relate to the state’s ancient history while the others pertain to what is happening over there nowadays.
Freedoms of Egyptian women back in the day
Modern women have had to fight for their rights to own property and be educated, but that didn’t have to happen with Ancient Egyptian women as they were allowed to carry out business, become doctors, or priestesses, and could also be owners of properties.
Don’t forget that there are many modern religions where female pastors are unheard of (Orthodox Christianity is one that comes to mind).
Half of modern Egypt’s people live in the countryside
While Egyptian cities are quickly growing in population, approximately half of the whole population still lives in the country.
Fellahin (country people) live in thousands of small villages scattered across Egypt, and almost every village comes with its own mosque, a religious school, sometimes a church, and even a few shops. Most of these villages can be found along the Nile or in the proximity of irrigation canals.
Favorite sports of Egyptians
Since they were influenced by the French and the British, some of the favorite sports of Egyptians today are soccer and tennis.
Squash is also rather popular in the area, and because of the climate, swimming has many aficionados, too. In the past, the country used to be well known for some of its long-distance swimmers, some of which mastered swimming across the English Channel.
Modern Egypt Economy
While Egypt has plenty of resources ranging from natural gas and manganese to petroleum, limestone, and asbestos, the vast majority of citizens live on approximately two to three dollars a day. Around 30% of those that have not completed a college education and are under the age of thirty are unemployed.
Cairo is probably the best-known city in Egypt probably because it is also its capital and the largest city in the country. It is a major cultural and commercial center, and it is the home of approximately seven million people.
That makes it is the largest and most populated city in the whole of Africa. Giza is one of Cairo’s suburbs, and it is the site of the local university. Here’s where you will find the Great Pyramid and the statue of the Sphinx as they are located on the Plateau of Giza.
Port Said is one of the most important ports of the country, and it can be found at the Mediterranean end of the Suez Canal.
Alexandria is the home of more than three million people, and that makes it the second most populated city in Egypt. It is a busy port, and it has a long history, having been founded in 300 BC by Alexander the Great.
The official language of the country is Arabic, and like most other languages, it has two major components. Informal Arabic is spoken on the street while formal (classical) Arabic is used in writing, especially for conducting official business.
The higher educated citizens are usually fluent in French and English, especially since the country used to be a British colony but also had parts controlled by the French in the past. Italian and German are less common, but there are Egyptians that speak these two languages, as well.
What’s interesting about the languages of this country is that there are two, Nubian and Beja that are not written. These are spoken by people who live South of Aswan and those that live in an oasis of the Libyan Desert, respectively.
One of the longest histories
This country has one of the longest histories of any other nation, and there are records that point out that it has existed ever since 3200 BC. It appears that the statue of the Sphinx was built around that time.
The vast majority of Egyptians are Sunni Muslims, but the second religious group in the area is represented by Coptic Christians. You might want to know that there are small groups of Greek and Roman Orthodox, as well as Protestants.
While the modern life expectancy is around 67, it is 69 for Egyptian men and 73 for Egyptian women.
Quality of life
Life in the city is quite different from that in any rural area. Egyptian cities have been significantly influenced by European culture, and so they boast well-tended parks, as well as paved streets. Furthermore, most of the important cities are linked to the network of railroads and highways that cross the country.
Unfortunately, because cities are so overpopulated, the housing is in short supply. There are various issues concerning access to clean water, and some areas might suffer from problems with insects. Both the climate and the overpopulation are two of the contributing factors for which you might find it hard to have a good night’s sleep in Egypt unless you stay at very expensive hotels.
If you are planning a trip to Egypt anytime soon, you should know that it is a good idea to keep everything as organized as possible.
Go with a group and always make sure to remain on the best-known trails so as to avoid coming across dangerous individuals that might try to mug you. The crime rate isn’t extremely high, but since this is a country where political distress is always present, it’s better to be safe than sorry.